Nye County, Nevada
Location: North end of the Pahrump Valley, in the low hills west of the Spring Mountains, Tps. 17 and 18 S., Rs. 52 and 53 E.
Topographic Map: Mount Shader 7.5 minute quadrangle.
Click Here For Topographic Map Of The Johnnie District
Access: From Las Vegas, it about 8 miles south on Hwy 91 to the junction with Hwy 16 (160); from there it is about 70 mileswest and north on State Hwy 16 to Johnnie and placer deposits north and south of the town.
Extent: Small placers are found in hillside and gulch gravels adjacent to and below, many of the gold-quartz veins in the Johnnie district. Most placer-mining activity occurred in the gulches below the Congress mine (sec. 1, T. 18 S., R. 52 E.), located east of Mount Montgomery and half a mile south of the town of Johnnie. Most of the gold is concentrated in the 6 inches of gravel material that overlies bedrock and is overlain by as much as 25 feet of gravel. Samples of the 6 inches of material on bedrock have values as high as $6 to $30 per cubic yard, but the amount of material in this pay streak is unknown.
Placers are also found near the Johnnie and Overfield mines (sec. 20, T. 17 S., R. 53 E.) and the Labbe mine (sec. 30, T. 17 S., R. 53 E.) located northeast of the Johnnie on the west slope of the Spring Mountains. Parts of these placers are residual concentrations of gold, and parts are stream and hillside concentrations of transported gold.
Production history: The first recorded production of placer gold from the Johnnie district occurred in 1918, but the more productive accumulations of placer gold were discovered in 1920. This later discovery created considerable excitement and led to a short boom. A small amount of placer gold was produced almost yearly until 1950, and sporadically, until 1960. Most of the placer gold was recovered by drywashing the gravels. In 1949 the hillside below the Johnnie mine was mined by sluicing with water under high pressure. The amount of gold recovered by this technique did not differ appreciably from the amount recovered by drywashing techniques.
Source: The placer deposits were derived from the gold-quartz veins along faults in the Cambrian sedimentary rocks of the region thought to have formed mainly during the middle Cretaceous and to have remained active into the Tertiary.
Tips: Get off the main roads and into the tributaries, look for evidence of old workings. Move slowly and dig ALL TARGETS. Always make sure you have a topo map of the area you wish to hunt. Gold Searchers of Southern Nevada (GSSN) Has claims in the area and you can find them at my links page listed under "clubs". Remember to stay off marked claims and please remember to FILL ALL HOLES!!
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